What is CBD?
CBD stands for Cannabidiol, which is a compound extracted from the hemp plant. It is one of more than 100 unique compounds found in hemp, known as cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are known to promote health and to keep people resilient to changes in their environment. And while CBD is an incredibly safe and therapeutic component of cannabis.
How Does CBD Work?
The human body is self-regulating. When you become too hot, your body produces sweat to cool you down. When your blood sugar becomes elevated after a meal, your body secretes insulin to lower it. And when you become dehydrated, your body sends your brain thirst signals so you drink water STAT. Like a tightrope walker, it’s constantly shifting to keep balanced and healthy - a process called homeostasis. One way our bodies maintain homeostasis is via the Endocannabinoid System (ECS). It keeps our bodies functioning optimally by adapting to change.
Your Body's Master Control System
Discovered in 1992, the ECS is a network of cell receptors (CB1 & CB2) spread throughout the entire body that controls some of our most vital life functions including eating, sleeping, relaxation and cognition. The ECS also assists in the body’s overall recovery and repair. It’s like your body’s “master control.” CB1 receptors are found mainly in the brain and spinal cord, while CB2 receptors are concentrated in immune cells in the peripheral nervous system.
Our bodies naturally produce compounds called endocannabinoids (endo=inside) that bind to those receptors, like a key fitting into a lock. CBD hemp oil is a plant-based cannabinoid – or phytocannabinoid (phyto=plant) – that acts upon cell receptors in a similar way to help activate the ECS.
CBD & The Bliss Molecule
CBD also interferes with an enzyme called FAAH (fatty acid amide hydrolase) and prevents it from breaking down Anandamide (AEA) - or “the bliss molecule” - allowing your own naturally-produced bliss a longer lifespan.
CBD & Your Health
Many medical studies show that CBD has potential for benefiting human and animal health via its connection to the ECS. While research is ongoing, it’s fair to say CBD is capable of affecting almost every biological process in your body as it acts upon your CB1 and CB2 cell receptors (and helps your natural endocannabinoids work their magic as well). Many people are using CBD products for supplementing their good health and for addressing specific health issues. We encourage you to do your own research, consult with healthcare providers familiar with CBD and use the following websites as resources as newly published research is coming out in real time.
- National Institutes of Health: https://www.nih.gov/
- WebMD: https://www.webmd.com/
- PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/
- Medscape: (may require healthcare credentials): https://www.medscape.com/
- Colorado State University, Institute of Cannabis Research (ICR): https://www.csupueblo.edu/institute-of-cannabis-research/index.html
Your individual response to CBD is just that - individual.
Responses to CBD depend on the amount used, frequency and length of use. In addition, your body’s metabolism, weight and health status all play a role in determining how you react to CBD oil. Some people report a quick response, while others report a slower response. We definitely recommend consulting with your healthcare provider if you have any questions about how CBD hemp oil may be working for you.
Is CBD Legal?
Under the 2018 Farm Bill, hemp and hemp derivatives like CBD have been permanently removed from the federal Controlled Substances Act and are no longer considered illegal by the DEA as long as they contain less than 0.3% THC. (§ 297A) That said, there are still some legal hurdles regarding CBD as a dietary supplement. Here is a summary of the key points addressed in the 2018 Farm Bill.
- Hemp is now permanently removed from the Controlled Substances Act (CSA). It is forever deemed an agricultural commodity and is no longer mistaken for marijuana.
- By redefining hemp to include its "extracts, cannabinoids and derivatives," Congress has removed hemp products (such as CBD) from the CSA. (§ 297A)
- This means the DEA no longer has any possible claim to interfere with the interstate commerce of hemp products. (§ 10114)
- While State and Tribal governments may impose separate restrictions or requirements on hemp or hemp products, they can't interfere with the interstate transport. (§ 10114)
- Hemp farmers may now finally access needed crop insurance (Title XI) and fully participate in the USDA programs for certification and competitive grants. This is a huge win for farmers.
- The FDA continues to exercise jurisdiction over the regulation of ingestible and topical hemp products.
- CBD derived from hemp is no longer considered illegal by the DEA as long as it contains less than 0.3% THC. However, CBD derived from marijuana is still not legal on the federal level, nor are CBD products containing more than 0.3% THC.
*U.S. Hemp Roundtable
CBD products made from hemp are generally regarded as legal as long as they contain less than 0.3% THC by dry weight.
Key Terms You Need to Know
There are a few key terms associated with CBD that every educated consumer should know.
FULL SPECTRUM CBD:
All the good things you get from hemp come from hundreds of naturally occurring compounds and nutrients working together. When these compounds are combined as nature intended, the whole becomes greater than the sum of its parts. This is called the Entourage Effect. Because different compounds amplify each other's effects, full spectrum CBD hemp oil is considered more effective than isolated, single-molecule components.
BROAD SPECTRUM CBD:
It offers all the entourage benefits associated with full-spectrum CBD, without any chances of THC being ingested into the body.
CBD isolate contains only CBD.
All the plant matter contained in the hemp plant, including oils, waxes, chlorophyll, and more are removed, offering a finished product that’s CBD and nothing more.
One component that contributes to the Entourage Effect, terpenes are the oils that give cannabis its unique smell and flavor. Terpenes are important for getting the maximum benefit from CBD because they bond with cannabinoids to turbo charge them.
An essential step in creating CBD oil, the decarboxylation process converts inactive components in cannabis into active components. In its natural state, cannabis produces a precursor to CBD called CBD-A. In order to turn CBD-A into beneficial CBD, one carbon atom must be removed - or decarboxylated. At this point CBD is activated and available for the body to use.
Hemp comes from the non-psychoactive varieties of Cannabis sativa L, which have 0.3% or less of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Hemp is similar to marijuana, in that they come from the same plant family (cannabis), but are genetically distinct and different in their use, chemical makeup and cultivation methods. Sort of like lemons and oranges are both citrus fruits.
Non-GMO means non-genetically modified organisms. GMOs are created in a laboratory using genetic modification/engineering techniques. Scientists and consumer groups have cited many health and environmental risks with foods containing GMOs.
Third Party Laboratory Testing:
Independent third party lab testing is used to ensure product quality and integrity because third-party labs are not affiliated with the raw material supplier, manufacturer or company whose name appears on the product.